Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Sample TOEFL Integrated Essay Wave Energy

Sample TOEFL Integrated Essay Wave Energy Sample TOEFL Integrated EssayThe QuestionThis integrated question is taken from aKorean textbookwhich you probably cant buy. I am unable to provide the lecture and reading here for you, but if you need some practice tests I strongly recommend buying theOfficial TOEFL iBT Tests Collection. Its an excellent source of practice questions!Special Offer: TOEFL Essay Evaluation and ScoringYou can now sign up to have your practice essays evaluated and scored by the author of this page. This service is a great way to learn how you will do before test day and how you can best prepare for the big day. Sign up today.The Sample Essay The reading and the lecture are about wave farms, which are considered to be a possible alternative to fossil fuels. The author of the reading believes that these facilities have many advantages. The lecturer casts doubts on the author’s claims. He does not believe that they are particularly advantageous. First of all, the author notes that wave farms are re liable sources of power because they utilize waves which are constant and predictable. As a result, it is possible to guess exactly how much energy they can produce. The lecturer disagrees with this assertion. He says that wave generators are not very reliable because they often experience technical problems because of the harsh environment they operate in. He points out that for this reason the amount of power they produce fluctuates wildly. Secondly, in the article it is mentioned that wave farms do not harm the environment. It is pointed out that they do not burn fossils fuels, so no harmful gasses are emitted into the environment. This point is challenged in the lecture. The lecturer says that the convertors used in the stations contain damaging chemicals that can sometimes leak into the surrounding ocean. He asserts that these will have a very bad effect on marine organisms when this happens. Finally, the author observes that wave farms do not affect the attractiveness of the surrounding area. It is mentioned that they float just near the surface of the ocean, so they cannot be spotted by local people. The lecturer, on the other hand, posits that they actually do clash with local scenery. He says that they are painted bright colors so they can be detected by ships, which means that tourists can also spot them from beaches.Templates and GuidesThis is a sample TOEFL integrated essay written by a native speaker. It follows our master guide for TOEFL integrated essays. If you find it useful, please remember that we have many more sample essaysfor you to read!

Friday, May 22, 2020

Cerrar Conjugation in Spanish, Translation, and Examples

The Spanish verb cerrar  means to close  or shut something. It  is an  -ar  verb, so it follows the  same conjugation pattern as other -ar  verbs, like cortar and cenar. However,  cerrar  is a stem-changing verb, which means that the e in the stem changes to ie when it falls on a stressed syllable.  In this article you can find cerrar conjugations in the present, past and future indicative, the present and past subjunctive, the imperative, and other verb forms like the past and present participles. Using the Verb Cerrar In Spanish, cerrar  can be used in most contexts when you would say to close or to shut in English. For example, cerrar la puerta  (to close the door), cerrar la tienda  (to close the store),  cerrar las cortinas  (to close the curtains), cerrar la herida  (to close the wound), or cerrar el evento  (to close or end the event). However, cerrar  has a few other uses, such as cerrar el tubo o  el agua  (to turn off the faucet or the water), or  cerrar el puà ±o  (to make a fist or clench your fist).   Cerrar Present Indicative In the present indicative, be careful with the stem change e to ie, which occurs in all the conjugations except nosotros  and vosotros. Yo cierro I close Yo cierro las ventanas del carro. T cierras You close T cierras las cortinas por la noche. Usted/l/ella cierra You/he/she closes Ella cierra el evento con un discurso. Nosotros cerramos We close Nosotros cerramos el restaurante muy tarde. Vosotros cerris You close Vosotros cerris el tubo para no gastar agua. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cierran You/they close Ellos cierran el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Preterite  Indicative The  preterite  tense can be translated as the simple past in English, and  is used to talk about completed actions  in the past. Notice that the present and preterite indicative forms of cerrar for nosotros  are both  cerramos.  Context is necessary to determine whether that verb refers to the present or the past. There is no stem change in the preterite  tense. Yo cerr I closed Yo cerr las ventanas del carro. T cerraste You closed T cerraste las cortinas por la noche. Usted/l/ella cerr You/he/she closed Ella cerr el evento con un discurso. Nosotros cerramos We closed Nosotros cerramos el restaurante muy tarde. Vosotros cerrasteis You closed Vosotros cerrasteis el tubo para no gastar agua. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cerraron You/they closed Ellos cerraron el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Imperfect  Indicative There is no stem change in the  imperfect tense either, which can be translated to English as was closing or used to close,  and is used to talk about ongoing or habitual actions in the past.   Yo cerraba I used to close Yo cerraba las ventanas del carro. T cerrabas You used to close T cerrabas las cortinas por la noche. Usted/l/ella cerraba You/he/she used to close Ella cerraba el evento con un discurso. Nosotros cerrbamos We used to close Nosotros cerrbamos el restaurante muy tarde. Vosotros cerrabais You used to close Vosotros cerrabais el tubo para no gastar agua. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cerraban You/they used to close Ellos cerraban el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Future  Indicative Since the future indicative is conjugated by starting with the infinitive form (cerrar) and then adding the future tense endings, there is no stem change for this tense either. Yo cerrar I will close Yo cerrar las ventanas del carro. T cerrars You will close T cerrars las cortinas por la noche. Usted/l/ella cerrar You/he/she will close Ella cerrar el evento con un discurso. Nosotros cerraremos We will close Nosotros cerraremos el restaurante muy tarde. Vosotros cerraris You will close Vosotros cerraris el tubo para no gastar agua. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cerrarn You/they will close Ellos cerrarn el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Periphrastic Future  Indicative There are three components that form the periphrastic future: the present tense conjugation of the  verb  ir  (to go), the preposition  a  and the infinitive of the verb (cerrar).   Yo voy a cerrar I am going to close Yo voy a cerrar las ventanas del carro. T vas a cerrar You are going to close T vas a cerrar las cortinas por la noche. Usted/l/ella va a cerrar You/he/she is going to close Ella va a cerrar el evento con un discurso. Nosotros vamos a cerrar We are going to close Nosotros vamos a cerrar el restaurante muy tarde. Vosotros vais a cerrar You are going to close Vosotros vais a cerrar el tubo para no gastar agua. Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a cerrar You/they are going to close Ellos van a cerrar el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar  Present Progressive/Gerund Form The present participle (gerundio  in Spanish) can be  used to form progressive forms like the present progressive.   Present Progressive of Cerrar està ¡ cerrando is closing Ella està ¡ cerrando  el evento con un discurso. Cerrar Past Participle The past participle can be used to form compound tenses such as the  present perfect, or it can be used as an adjective, as in La puerta està ¡ cerrada  (The door is closed). Compound tenses include the verb  haber  as an auxiliary verb. Present Perfect of Cerrar   ha cerrado has closed   Ella ha cerrado  el evento con un discurso. Cerrar Conditional  Indicative The conditional tense is commonly used to talk about possibilities or hypothetical situations, and can be translated to English as would verb.  It is formed similarly to the future tense (starting with the infinitive form), so there is no stem change in this conjugation either. Yo cerrara I would close Yo cerrara las ventanas del carro si hiciera fro. T cerraras You would close T cerraras las cortinas por la noche si quisieras dormir mejor. Usted/l/ella cerrara You/he/she would close Ella cerrara el evento con un discurso si le dieran la oportunidad. Nosotros cerraramos We would close Nosotros cerraramos el restaurante ms tarde, pero se termin la comida. Vosotros cerrarais You would close Vosotros cerrarais el tubo para no gastar agua, pero los platos an estn sucios. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cerraran You/they would close Ellos cerraran el libro al terminar la clase, pero quieren seguir leyendo. Cerrar Present Subjunctive In the present subjunctive you have to be careful with the stem change e to ie, which occurs in all of the conjugations except  nosotros  and  vosotros,  just like in the present indicative. Que yo cierre That I close El chofer pide que yo cierre las ventanas del carro. Que t cierres That you close Tu esposo quiere que t cierres las cortinas por la noche. Que usted/l/ella cierre That you/he/she close El jefe espera que ella cierre el evento con un discurso. Que nosotros cerremos That we close Los clientes quieren que nosotros cerremos el restaurante ms tarde. Que vosotros cerris That you close Mam pide que vosotros cerris el tubo para no gastar agua. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas cierren That you/they close La profesora pide que ellos cierren el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Imperfect  Subjunctive There are two possible ways of  conjugating the imperfect subjunctive (which is also called the past subjunctive). Both options are correct, and neither one includes a stem change. Option 1 Que yo cerrara That I closed El chofer peda que yo cerrara las ventanas del carro. Que t cerraras That you closed Tu esposo quera que t cerraras las cortinas por la noche. Que usted/l/ella cerrara That you/he/she closed El jefe esperaba que ella cerrara el evento con un discurso. Que nosotros cerrramos That we closed Los clientes queran que nosotros cerrramos el restaurante ms tarde. Que vosotros cerrarais That you closed Mam peda que vosotros cerrarais el tubo para no gastar agua. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas cerraran That you/they closed La profesora peda que ellos cerraran el libro al terminar la clase. Option 2 Que yo cerrase That I closed El chofer peda que yo cerrase las ventanas del carro. Que t cerrases That you closed Tu esposo quera que t cerrases las cortinas por la noche. Que usted/l/ella cerrase That you/he/she closed El jefe esperaba que ella cerrase el evento con un discurso. Que nosotros cerrsemos That we closed Los clientes queran que nosotros cerrsemos el restaurante ms tarde. Que vosotros cerraseis That you closed Mam peda que vosotros cerraseis el tubo para no gastar agua. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas cerrasen That you/they closed La profesora peda que ellos cerrasen el libro al terminar la clase. Cerrar Imperative   The imperative mood is used to give direct orders or commands. Below you can find the positive and negative commands. Notice the stem change in the  tà º, usted,  and  ustedes  forms. Positive Commands T cierra Close! Cierra las cortinas por la noche! Usted cierre Close! Cierre el evento con un discurso! Nosotros cerremos Lets close! Cerremos el restaurante ms tarde! Vosotros cerrad Close! Cerrad el tubo para no gastar agua! Ustedes cierren Close! Cierren el libro al terminar la clase! Negative Commands T no cierres Dont close! No cierres las cortinas por la noche! Usted no cierre Dont close! No cierre el evento con un discurso! Nosotros no cerremos Lets not close! No cerremos el restaurante ms tarde! Vosotros no cerris Dont close! No cerris el tubo para no gastar agua! Ustedes no cierren Dont close! No cierren el libro al terminar la clase!

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Of Mice and Men Essay on Loneliness - 1318 Words

Honors English 9 10 March 2014 Of Mice and Men Literary Analysis Essay on Loneliness â€Å"Actually, feeling lonely has little to do with how many friends you have. It s the way you feel inside. Some people who feel lonely may rarely interact with people and others who are surrounded by people but don t feel connected† (Karyn Hall 2013). Truthfully, loneliness is something almost all people fear. It s a deeper feeling then just being isolated. It s feeling distant or disconnected from others. Loneliness is so much more than just feeling secluded, it s feeling rejected by society, or even like an outcast. In Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck suggests that there is a deeper meaning to being lonely than just the superficial sense of†¦show more content†¦He tells George that he does not have any relatives, so he would be able to give all of his money to him and Lennie. That is if they let him in on their dream to buy their own house. This shows just how bad Candy wants to get out of that ranch and that h e will do anything to not be lonely. Loneliness is shown through Candy because he feels like he does not belong and because he has no other friends except his dog, so he feels secluded from the others. An additional character who portrays loneliness throughout the book is Curley s Wife. She feels lonely and isolated because nobody wants to be around her in fear of Curley seeing them with her, so she thinks that she has no one to talk to; this leads to a deep, fathomless feeling of loneliness. When she finally does find someone she can talk to, she mainly talks about how she hates the ranch because nobody ever talks to her. Another favorite topic of hers is to talk about how lonely she is all of the time. â€Å"—Sat day night. Ever body out doin som pin. Ever body! An what am I doin ? Standin here talkin to a bunch of bindle stiffs—a nigger an a dum-dum and a lousy ol sheep—an likin it because they ain t nobody else† (Steinbeck 78). This is the par t of the novella when the reader stops thinking of Curley s Wife as a â€Å"tart† (Steinbeck 28) who â€Å"gives the eye† (Steinbeck 28) to every man she sees; rather,Show MoreRelatedOf Mice and Men Loneliness Essay1123 Words   |  5 PagesOf Mice and Men Essay: ‘Soledad’ means loneliness. Why is this relevant in ‘Of Mice and Men’? The relevance of ‘Of Mice and Men’ being set in the town of Soledad comes from the parallels drawn between the meaning of the name ‘Soledad’ and the deeper sense of loneliness expressed through the characters of the novella. The symbolism of the loneliness that is associated with the town of Soledad establishes an underlying sense of loneliness in all characters. The author uses a variety of techniquesRead MoreOf Mice Men Loneliness Essay1353 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Of Mice and Men Loneliness Essay Loneliness is an impossible fact of life that nobody can avoid especially during the Great Depression. In the novel, Of Mice and Men, a novella by John Steinbeck shows that in the early 1930s – during the Great Depression – was a period of great loneliness of men and women, therefore people are driven to find friendship in order to escape the loneliness. But barely anyone find the right companionship while a lot of them were still lonely even if they found theirRead More Of Mice And Men Essay On Loneliness1267 Words   |  6 Pages In the novel Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck looks at the theme of loneliness as it affects many characters on the ranch. Crooks, Curleys wife, and Candy are the most excluded characters on the ranch, because they all have dreams that they will not be able to live out and they all are at loss when it came to companionship. Crooks is lonely because he is the only black man on the ranch. Since this book is set during the Depression, Jim Crow laws are still in effect, whites and blacks had separateRead MoreOf Mice And Men Loneliness Essay1013 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effects of Loneliness â€Å"I think cruelty is loneliness disguised in bitterness† (Thomas W. Hiddleston). This quote expounds how the lack of company and friends can potentially lead you down a path of heartlessness, and despair. In the story Of Mice and Men, you follow the duo George and Lennie in their quest to achieve the American dream. John Steinbeck utilizes his story Of Mice and Men to show how the loneliness of the characters leads to their cruel actions, he exposes this through the charactersRead More Loneliness in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men Essay2202 Words   |  9 PagesLoneliness in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men       Mother Theresa once said, Loneliness is a mans worst poverty. Without friends and companions, people begin to suffer from loneliness and solitude (Dusenbury 38). Loneliness is an inevitable fact of life and cannot be avoided, as shown prevalent through each of the characters in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men. Each and every character in this novel exhibits loneliness. Lennie was isolated for being mentally handicapped, Candy was isolatedRead MoreOf Mice and Men - Theme of Loneliness Essay609 Words   |  3 PagesOf Mice and Men by John Steinbeck is book of many themes; one that is very prominent is loneliness. Loneliness is common in many peoples lives and that is also true for the lives of the characters of the book. Almost all characters in the book are lonely in one way or the other. The main characters of the book are George and Lennie. Even though these two seem to have each other, they are both lonesome in a way. Lennies mental retardation isolates him from many people. George is the only personRead More Loneliness in Steinbecks Of Mice and Men Essay1084 Words   |  5 PagesPersonally I believe that this statement is true in every aspect. Loneliness is a big part of the book Of mice and men. The book shows loneliness in every ones life in the book. The quote says Guys like us George is talking about the ranch workers by saying us we know they are all lonely because they all show signs of loneliness, they try to fight this by making friends I think that in the book Steinbeck tries to show us that loneliness can be resolved by friendship. George blames Lennie for himRead MoreLoneliness in Of Mice and Men by Steinbeck Essay843 Words   |  4 PagesLoneliness in Of Mice and Men by Steinbeck John Steinbeck wrote â€Å"of Mice and Men† in the 1930s. It is set in California and shows us life for migrant workers at this time. The book describes how lonely life can be. In the book there are different kinds of loneliness. The different types described are Isolation which means that you are kept separate from others because you have an illness just like being in quarantine. Solitude is another type of loneliness which meansRead MoreThe Theme of Loneliness in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men Essay870 Words   |  4 PagesThe Theme of Loneliness in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck, is set in the farmlands of Salinas Valley in California during the 1930’s. At this time there was a world wide depression caused by the Wall Street crash in America. John Steinbeck was born and brought up in Salinas California, he had lived and experienced a life of a migrant worker and that is what inspired him to write this novel (novella?). This meant he could paint a lot Read MoreLoneliness in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay1010 Words   |  5 PagesLoneliness in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck This book is set in a deserted, lonely country. The individuals in the story are isolated by particular features such as age, sex, disability and race. They appear to relate to each other, however, each is essential trapped by their situation. In the end they are unable to help each other to escape their loneliness or to escape their own fate. Of Mice and Men is set in the farmland of the Salinas valley, where John

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Deception Point Page 31 Free Essays

More laughter this time. â€Å"And,† she said, glancing down at the bottom of the screen, â€Å"I had certainly not imagined I would be sitting at the President’s desk†¦ much less on it!† This brought a hearty laugh and some broad smiles. Rachel felt her muscles starting to relax. We will write a custom essay sample on Deception Point Page 31 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Just give it to them straight. â€Å"Here’s the situation.† Rachel’s voice now sounded like her own. Easy and clear. â€Å"President Herney has been absent from the media spotlight this past week not because of his lack of interest in his campaign, but rather because he has been engrossed in another matter. One he felt was far more important.† Rachel paused, her eyes making contact now with her audience. â€Å"There has been a scientific discovery made in a location called the Milne Ice Shelf in the high Arctic. The President will be informing the world about it in a press conference tonight at eight o’clock. The find was made by a group of hardworking Americans who have endured a string of tough luck lately and deserve a break. I’m talking about NASA. You can be proud to know that your President, with apparent clairvoyant confidence, has made a point of standing beside NASA lately through thick and thin. Now, it appears his loyalty is going to be rewarded.† It was not until that very instant that Rachel realized how historically momentous this was. A tightness rose in her throat, and she fought it off, plowing onward. â€Å"As an intelligence officer who specializes in the analysis and verification of data, I am one of several people the President has called upon to examine the NASA data. I have examined it personally as well as conferring with several specialists-both government and civilian-men and women whose credentials are beyond reproach and whose stature is beyond political influence. It is my professional opinion that the data I am about to present to you is factual in its origins and unbiased in its presentation. Moreover, it is my personal opinion that the President, in good faith to his office and the American people, has shown admirable care and restraint in delaying an announcement I know he would have loved to have made last week.† Rachel watched the crowd before her exchanging puzzled looks. They all returned their gaze to her, and she knew she had their undivided attention. â€Å"Ladies and gentlemen, you are about to hear what I’m sure you will agree is one of the most exciting pieces of information ever revealed in this office.† 35 The aerial view currently being transmitted to the Delta Force by the microbot circling inside the habisphere looked like something that would win an avant-garde film contest-the dim lighting, the glistening extraction hole, and the well-dressed Asian lying on the ice, his camel-hair coat splayed around him like enormous wings. He was obviously trying to extract a water sample. â€Å"We’ve got to stop him,† said Delta-Three. Delta-One agreed. The Milne Ice Shelf held secrets his team was authorized to protect with force. â€Å"How do we stop him?† Delta-Two challenged, still gripping the joystick. â€Å"These microbots are not equipped.† Delta-One scowled. The microbot currently hovering inside the habisphere was a recon model, stripped down for longer flight. It was about as lethal as a housefly. â€Å"We should call the controller,† Delta-Three stated. Delta-One stared intently at the image of the solitary Wailee Ming, perched precariously on the rim of the extraction pit. Nobody was anywhere near him-and ice cold water had a way of muffling one’s ability to scream. â€Å"Give me the controls.† â€Å"What are you doing?† the soldier on the joystick demanded. â€Å"What we were trained to do,† Delta-One snapped, taking over. â€Å"Improvise.† 36 Wailee Ming lay on his stomach beside the extraction hole, his right arm extended over the rim trying to extract a water sample. His eyes were definitely not playing tricks on him; his face, now only a yard or so from the water, could see everything perfectly. This is incredible! Straining harder, Ming maneuvered the beaker in his fingers, trying to reach down to the surface of the water. All he needed was another few inches. Unable to extend his arm any farther, Ming repositioned himself closer to the hole. He pressed the toes of his boots against the ice and firmly replanted his left hand on the rim. Again, he extended his right arm as far as he could. Almost. He shifted a little closer. Yes! The edge of the beaker broke the surface of the water. As the liquid flowed into the container, Ming stared in disbelief. Then, without warning, something utterly inexplicable occurred. Out of the darkness, like a bullet from a gun, flew a tiny speck of metal. Ming only saw it for a fraction of a second before it smashed into his right eye. The human instinct to protect one’s eyes was so innately ingrained, that despite Ming’s brain telling him that any sudden movements risked his balance, he recoiled. It was a jolting reaction more out of surprise than pain. Ming’s left hand, closest to his face, shot up reflexively to protect the assaulted eyeball. Even as his hand was in motion, Ming knew he had made a mistake. With all of his weight leaning forward, and his only means of support suddenly gone, Wailee Ming teetered. He recovered too late. Dropping the beaker and trying to grab on to the slick ice to stop his fall, he slipped-plummeting forward into the darkened hole. The fall was only four feet, and yet as Ming hit the icy water head first he felt like his face had hit pavement at fifty miles an hour. The liquid that engulfed his face was so cold it felt like burning acid. It brought an instantaneous spike of panic. Upside down and in the darkness, Ming was momentarily disoriented, not knowing which way to turn toward the surface. His heavy camel-hair coat kept the icy blast from his body-but only for a second or two. Finally righting himself, Ming came sputtering up for air, just as the water found its way to his back and chest, engulfing his body in a lung-crushing vise of cold. â€Å"Hee†¦ lp,† he gasped, but Ming could barely pull in enough air to let out a whimper. He felt like the wind had been knocked out of him. â€Å"Heee†¦ lp!† His cries were inaudible even to himself. Ming clambered toward the side of the extraction pit and tried to pull himself out. The wall before him was vertical ice. Nothing to grab. Underwater, his boots kicked the side of the wall, searching for a foothold. Nothing. He strained upward, reaching for the rim. It was only a foot out of reach. Ming’s muscles were already having trouble responding. He kicked his legs harder, trying to propel himself high enough up the wall to grab the rim. His body felt like lead, and his lungs seemed to have shrunk to nothing, as if they were being crushed by a python. His water-laden coat was getting heavier by the second, pulling him downward. Ming tried to pull it off his body, but the heavy fabric stuck. â€Å"Help†¦ me!† The fear came on in torrents now. Drowning, Ming had once read, was the most horrific death imaginable. He had never dreamed he would find himself on the verge of experiencing it. His muscles refused to cooperate with his mind, and already he was fighting just to keep his head above water. His soggy clothing pulled him downward as his numb fingers scratched the sides of the pit. His screams were only in his mind now. And then it happened. Ming went under. The sheer terror of being conscious of his own impending death was something he never imagined he would experience. And yet here he was†¦ sinking slowly down the sheer ice wall of a two-hundred-foot-deep hole in the ice. Multitudes of thoughts flashed before his eyes. Moments from his childhood. His career. He wondered if anyone would find him down here. Or would he simply sink to the bottom and freeze there†¦ entombed in the glacier for all time. How to cite Deception Point Page 31, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Katarina Stevanovic Essays - , Term Papers

Katarina Stevanovic Cast zena u Seviljskom zavodniku Kao sto kaze Anahori-Librovic, cast zena i muskaraca ne zasnivaju se na istim kriterijumima. Cast muskaraca je opsiran i dinamican koncept, dok cast zena sa sobom nosi negativnu i fatalisticku konotaciju. Na primer vitez moze da podigne svoju cast na visi nivo svojim vojnim podvizima, akcijama, hrabroscu i sl. Medjutim cast zena se zasniva samo na jednom kriterijumu: na njenoj cednosti . Jednom kada je izgubljena, ne moze biti vracena. Cini se kao da je zena rodjena sa nekom vrstom blaga (cednost) koju mora cvrsto da brani. Kada svoje blago preda svom gospodaru (muzu), onda mora da nastavi da je brani od drugih muskaraca. Ako ne uspe u tom zadatku, obescastice i sebe i svog muza. Ukratko, zenska cast je pojam koji je blisko povezan sa pojmom nevinosti, cistote i vernosti. Muskarci mogu da zavode druge zene, izdaju ili napuste svoju suprugu bez stavljanja svoje casti u opasnost, dok zene isti takvi postupci (pa cak i mnogo bezazleniji) skupo kostaju. Na kraju, mozemo reci da muska i zenska cast mogu biti definisane kao potpune suprotnosti. U delu Seviljski zavodnik i kameni gost, imamo lik Don Huana Tenoria, muskarca koji svoju cast duguje svom ocu i ona mu ne moze biti oduzeta bez obzira na to sto postupa sa zenama na potpuno nemoralan nacin. Kao sto kaze De Maestu, Don Huan postupa veoma promisljeno. Ako zeli da zavede obrazovane dame kao sto su vojvotkinja Izabela i donja Ines, onda se pretvara da je njihov verenik. Medjutim, ako se udvara obicnim devojkama kao sto su Tizbea i Aminta, obecava im brak i naglasava to da je on uticajan i mlad covek. S obzirom na to da je u pitanju XVII vek, njima vise od reci nije potrebno da mu poveruju i da pomisle da su njegove namere casne. Don Huan ih je sve obescastio i posle toga nije bilo povratka. Ono sto je zanimljivo je to sto iako one nisu krive za to sto su obmanute, i dalje bivaju osudjivane. , Kralj (za sebe): Casti, dusa ako li si covekova, zasto su te slaboj zeni prepustili kada ona nestalna je? " ( de Molina, Tirso , 2000: 12) Uzmimo Izabelu kao primer obrazovanih dama. Kralj svejedno osudjuje vojvotkinju iako je ona bila obmanuta Don Huanovim lazima. Kralj: Ni zidine, straza, ni bedemi silni, niti kule tu ne vrede, kad ljubavni dah detinji zidove ce provaliti! Don Pedro, ti sada smesta zenu ovu utamnici na vrh kule, pa potajno i vojvodu tamo hiti, jer sad mora obecanje, rec zadatu ispuniti. (de Molina, Tirso , 2000: 13) Iako je Don Huan kriv za oduzimanje Izabeline casti, kralj smatra da vojvotkinja treb a da bude zatvorena u tamnicu, i da je ovim cinom Izabela ta koja je obescastila i sebe i Don Oktavia. Uspeo je da prevari cak i Tizbeu, zenu koja je zivela odupiruci se iskusenjima. ,Tizbea: ...U slami cast svoju cuvam poput voca socnog, te mi, kao staklo sad u slami stoji kako pukla ne bi." (de Molina, Tirso , 2000: 20) Uzmimo Tizbeu za primer obicnih devojaka. Poverovala je Don Huanovim lazima i izgubila je sve ono sto je toliko dugo i pazljivo cuvala. Posto je shvatila kakva nepravda joj je nacinjena, u razgovoru sa Izabelom, izgovorila je jednu vrlo upecatljivu recenicu koja savrseno docarava duh tog vremena: , Tizbea: ...Kad zene poveruju, tesko njima!... " ( de Molina, Tirso, 2000: 76 ) Tako je pisac nama, citaocima, dao do znanja da se zenama nista ne prasta, i utoliko je tragedija svih zena koje je Don Huan u ovom delu obescastio veca. Dihotomija casti u vreme kada je ovo delo napisano izmedju muskaraca i zena je naglasena cinjenicom da je Don Huan i pored svojih lazi i manipulacija i dalje zadrzao svoju cast, dok su zene bile osramocene, obescascene i osudjivane od strane drustva u kom se nalaze. Pisac, Tirso de Molina, je tezio da svojim delima razonodi i pouci citaoce. Sa jedne strane imamo zene, koje predstavljaju staro shvatanje casti, dok sa druge strane imamo Don Huana, koji predstavlja pobunu protiv tradicije. Iako se ne slazem sa njegovim postupcima, njegova liberalna shvatanja su ispred tadasnjeg vremena i shvatanja. Zene su u nezavidnoj poziciji zato sto

Friday, March 20, 2020

Redesigned SAT Essay Prompts

Redesigned SAT Essay Prompts    The SAT Essay is no longer a simple read and respond kind of a prompt where the tester forms his or her own opinion on a topic and supports it with facts and examples. The Redesigned SAT essay prompts require the tester to read a persuasive text, and then analyze the authors opinion, explaining how the author builds his or her argument.   Redesigned SAT Essay Prompts Here are some prompts from the College Board and the Khan Academy, followed by a prompt on this page so you can get started practicing right now! College Board SAT Essay Prompt 1College Board SAT Essay Prompt 2Khan Academy SAT Essay Prompt Practice With a Redesigned SAT Essay Prompt Now As you read the passage below, consider how Caroline Walker  uses evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed. Adapted from Caroline Walker, Media Outlets Are Getting the Drift That a Daily Dose of Heavy News Isnt Enough for Well-Rounded Brains.  © 2009 by the HuffingtonPost.com Originally published September 6, 2009. Caroline Walker is a freelance writer and editor. There’s a trend catching on in the news; it’s called seeing the bright side and it couldnt come at a better time. Despite associations with earnest idealism, â€Å"goodness† is a smart sell. It comes down to marketing logic - with the side benefit of possibly changing our collective conscience for the better. It’s about using language that engages readers and keep our hopelessness at bay. We already know what it feels like to be beaten over the head with gut-wrenching headlines. The timing is right to try something new. It starts simply, with softer columns peppered in among gruesome stories. Take this example from the New York Times, published a little while back and earning hefty responses from a slew of fans. In â€Å"The Consolation of Animalsâ€Å" by Richard Conniff, the author talks about witnessing animals in their element, watching wildlife do its thing. He makes the case that experiencing the wild kingdom doesn’t require an expensive safari or a swim down the Amazon. Check your backyard, your nearest pond, your shadiest tree. â€Å"People who do dumb stuff like racing red-throated loons down a beach in the dead of winter - or even just stopping to admire swans flying overhead, their wings creaking like door hinges - are liable to get a reputation for being a little nuts. But I prefer to think of it as what makes me almost sane. These encounters with the lords of life (and also with the soybeans) pull me up out of the pettiness and stupidity of my workaday life.† The post drew my attention to its home on the newish Times series called â€Å"Happy Days: The Pursuit of What Matters in Troubled Times.† Most headlines skew toward doom and gloom, leaving feel-good stories in the dust. Digging through daily articles to search for inspiring ones can sometimes feel like a futile treasure hunt. We know they’re out there, everywhere... they’re just not always easy to find. Media outlets also seem to be recognizing that a reader can only take so much heaviness, and that if we’re going to pitch in toward making things better in our world we’ve got to be reminded that there’s plenty of goodness to be found. From the Happy Days site: â€Å"The severe economic downturn has forced many people to reassess their values and the ways they act on them in their daily lives. For some, the pursuit of happiness, sanity, or even survival, has been transformed. Happy Days is a discussion about the search for contentment in its many forms - economic, emotional, physical, spiritual - and the stories of those striving to come to terms with the lives they lead.† The Times isn’t alone. CNN started the CNN Heroes series last year, and it’s still going strong. Then NBC Nightly News and Brian Williams asked readers to offer their own â€Å"good news† stories. Submissions - and requests - for positive news poured in. It can’t be long before others catch on and balance the necessity of learning about the world’s tragedies and struggles with the desire to hear about humanity’s efforts to heal these wounds. I think it’s safe to say that we’ve reached a point of compassion fatigue where crisis and tragedy don’t penetrate our brains and hearts in a sufficiently empathy-provoking way. We need balance. It’s important to know about war and economic crashes, disease and catastrophe that affect our world, but without anything to counter the heaviness, it makes for a rather desolate template. The state of affairs starts looking hopeless, change seems elusive, and the Kardashians become infinitely more mentally digestible than foreclosure rates and bombings. Wanting to re-frame issues in a good light isn’t just idealism; it’s responsible business and effective persuasion. It’s a little bit of subliminal manipulation, and it’s all good as far as I’m concerned - re-frame an issue with a positive slant and we can trick readers into learning about concerns that need our collective attention. It’s official: Kindness is cool. Nice is all right. Good news is here to stay. SAT Essay Prompt:   Write an essay in which you explain how Caroline Walker  builds an argument to persuade her audience that positive news stories are important. In your essay, analyze how Walker uses one or more of the features in the directions that precede the passage (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of her argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Walker’s claims, but rather explain how Walker builds an argument to persuade her audience.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Domestication and Spread of the Sweet Potato

Domestication and Spread of the Sweet Potato The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a root crop, probably first domesticated somewhere between the Orinoco river in Venezuela north to the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The oldest sweet potato discovered to date was in the Tres Ventanas cave in the Chilca Canyon region of Peru, ca. 8000 BCE, but it is believed to have been a wild form. Recent genetic research suggests that Ipomoea trifida, native to Colombia, Venezuela, and Costa Rica, is the closest living relative of I. batantas, and maybe its progenitor. The oldest remains of domesticated sweet potato in the Americas were found in Peru, about 2500 BCE. In Polynesia, decidedly Precolumbian sweet potato remains have been found in the Cook Islands by CE 1000-1100, Hawaii by CE 1290-1430, and Easter Island by CE 1525. Sweet potato pollen, phytoliths, and starch residues have been identified in agricultural plots alongside maize in South Auckland. Sweet Potato Transmissions Transmission of the sweet potato around the planet was primarily the work of the Spanish and Portuguese, who got it from the South Americans and spread it to Europe. That doesnt work for Polynesia, though; its too early by 500 years. Scholars generally assume that either seed of the potato were brought to Polynesia by birds such as the Golden Plover that regularly cross the Pacific; or by accidental raft drift by lost sailors from the South American coast. A recent computer simulation study indicates that raft drift is, in fact, a possibility. Source This article on the domestication of sweet potatoes is part of the About.com Guide to Plant Domestications, and part of the Dictionary of Archaeology. Bovell-Benjamin, Adelia. 2007. Sweet potato: A review of its past, present and future role in human nutrition. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research 52:1-59. Horrocks, Mark and Ian Lawlor 2006 Plant microfossil analysis of soils from Polynesian Journal of Archaeological Science 33(2):200-217.stonefields in South Auckland, New Zealand. Horrocks, Mark and Robert B. Rechtman 2009 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and banana (Musa sp.) microfossils in deposits from the Kona Field System, Island of Hawaii. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(5):1115-1126. Horrocks, Mark, Ian W. G. Smith, Scott L. Nichol, and Rod Wallace 2008 Sediment, soil and plant . Journal of Archaeological Science 35(9):2446-2464.microfossil analysis of Maori gardens at Anaura Bay, eastern North Island, New Zealand: comparison with descriptions made in 1769 by Captain Cooks expedition Montenegro, lvaro, Chris Avis, and Andrew Weaver. Modeling the prehistoric arrival of the sweet potato in Polynesia. 2008. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(2):355-367. OBrien, Patricia J. 1972. The Sweet Potato: Its Origin and Dispersal. American Anthropologist 74(3):342-365. Piperno, Dolores R. and Irene Holst. 1998. The Presence of Starch Grains on Prehistoric Stone Tools from the Humid Neotropics: Indications of Early Tuber Use and Agriculture in Panama. Journal of Archaeological Science 35:765-776. Srisuwan, Saranya, Darasinh Sihachakr, and Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev. 2006. The origin and evolution of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) and its wild relatives throughout the cytogenetic approaches. Plant Science 171:424–433. Ugent, Donald and Linda W. Peterson. 1988. Archaeological remains of potato and sweet potato in Peru. Circular of the International Potato Center 16(3):1-10.